Athens

The heart of Greece

Athens is the capital city of Athens Prefecture, the Region of Attica and Greece. Located in Central (Central) Greece and a robust economic, cultural and administrative center of the country. It took its name from the goddess Athena who was the protector. Athens today is a modern city and famous, as in ancient times was a powerful city-state and a major center of culture; considered the most historic city in Europe. It is known throughout the world for its historical monuments survived, albeit partially, through the centuries. The port of the historic town is the port of Piraeus.

Athens has been continuously inhabited for 7000 years. This makes it one of the oldest cities in Europe.The city of Athens was a small town two centuries ago. The population of Athens in 1834 was 10,000.Athens was declared capital of the newly established Greek State in September 1834.

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General Information

Athens is located in Attica peninsula and surrounded by the mountain Aegaleo in the Northwest, the mountains of Parnitha and Penteli to the northeast and mountain Hymettus in the southeast. The Saronic gulf finally surrounds the east coasts of Athens and Attica.   The climate is typically Mediterranean with dry and hot summer and rainy winter, average temperature 27C in July, 9C, in January. The city is named after the patron goddess of Athens. The Greek name was Αθήναι but since the 1970s, the official name is the Greek Αθήνα (Athína). Today Athens metropolitan area has 3.7 million inhabitants, which puts it in second place on the list of largest European capitals (only behind London). Currently, the city is expanding to the east of Attica peninsula. The Urban Capital Group consists of 37 municipalities and 19 communities. Besides the City of Athens, there are the municipalities of Agia Varvara, Agia Paraskevi, Agios Dimitrios, St. Anargyroi, Egaleo Alimos, Maroussi, Byron, Galatsi, Glyfada Dafni, Zografou, Heliopolis, Heraklion, Kesariani Kallithea Kifissia, Muscat, Nea Ionia , New Smyrna New Philadelphia, New Liosia, Palaio Faliro, Peristeri, Taurus, Hymettus, Haidari, Halandri, Cholargos, Piraeus, Agios Ioannis Rendi, Drapetsona, Keratsini, Korydallos, Nice and Perama.

Why is Athens important?

Athens is well-known worldwide and occupies an important place in the international tourist map. Here is the whole history of Greece, because for many centuries Athens has been a strong center of civilization. It was the birthplace of democracy, theater and science. It shared knowledge, principles, moral values, culture and the arts with other peoples. Monuments are shown everywhere in the city beneath the shadow of the sacred rock of the Acropolis. There is no monument and archaeological site of Athens that has not been photographed and has not reached every corner of the planet. A walk in the city will fill us pictures of a 6,000 year history coexisting with those of modern European metropolis and historical capital of Europe.

Culture - Transportation

Athens is a city that respects its important past and lives strongly today. Many different pieces make up the puzzle of the capital. Theaters, art events, music scenes, festivals, art galleries and museums. There are excellent sports facilities that have been greatly improved to accommodate the 2004 Olympic Games as well as buildings that are real ornaments of the city.
“Eleftherios Venizelos” International Airport, in Spata, connects Athens with the major cities and islands of Greece and with all the countries of the world. It has a large and modern transport network that makes all parts of the city accessible. In our move by metro it is worth seeing at its stations the protected archaeological finds that came to light during its construction.

Focus - Entertainment

In the segment of dining and entertainment, a huge selection fan opens. Endless nightlife that starts from the smallest neighborhood bar and reaches up to the city’s largest clubs and clubs. Gastronomic choices ranging from a simple fast-food tavern to the most luxurious gourmet restaurants are countless. You can choose traditional Greek cuisine, sophisticated Mediterranean flavors or restaurants with all international cuisines. For your stay you will find simple and economical hotels as well as the most luxurious accommodations, depending on your budget. For your shopping you will find shopping for every taste and every balancing in thousands of shops and big shopping malls.

Athens attractions

Monuments of the Acropolis – Temple of the Parthenon – Erechtheion – Temple of Athena Nike – Propylaea – Herod Atticus Conservatory – Asclepieion – Ancient Agora – Columns Olympus Zeus – Roman Agora – Panathenaic Stadium – Hellenic Parliament – Olymbio – Pnyx Hill – Lycabetus Hill – Planetarium – Athens Observatory – Philopappou Hill etc.

Museums / Places of Worship: New Acropolis Museum, National Archaeological Museum, Museum of Ancient Agora, War Museum. Museum of Byzantine Art, Folklore Museum, Benaki Museum, Numismatic Museum, Museum of Cycladic Art and Natural History Goulandris, National Gallery.

Acropolis

The acropolis of Athens means the rock on which the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena Nike, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and other smaller buildings were built. The rock was used as a natural sanctuary, warehouse and administrative space in cases of siege in Athens and had early stone and wood buildings until Pericles decided to erect the buildings that have been preserved to this day. The architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, as well as the sculptor Phidias, were the designers and responsible for the building execution of the Parthenon. The works of the Parthenon began in 447 BC. and continued until 432 BC. Other buildings were completed up to 406 BC and other additions were made to the complex, most important of which was that of the theater of Herodes Atticus, in 161. Pericles used the money of the Delos Alliance, which caused great reactions inside and outside of Athens, by Pericles’ opponents, who accused him of wasting public money and embezzling foreign money in times when Athens was moving all the way to the war with Sparta. Subsequently, the Parthenon was used as a temple, mosque and pyrite in the Byzantine era and Turkish domination. The buildings were bombed, quenched by earthquakes and destroyed by Byzantines, Franks, Turks and English throughout the centuries. Nevertheless, the Parthenon continues to provoke awe and is one of the wonders of the ancient world.

Access: The Acropolis of Athens is served by metro, line 2, Acropolis stop or from lines 1 and 3, Monastiraki station, via Plaka and the Ancient Agora.

Did you know that Athens is No. 1 worldwide shipping center?

A total of 4,538 ships worth 86.7 billion Dollars (81, 8 billion. Euro) controlled by Greek shipping companies established in Athens, the Greek capital, making the number one maritime center in the world, based on the value of the fleet control. After Athens, in second place, followed by Tokyo, Japan, where the value of the vessels amounts to $ 60 billion, with Singapore be preceded by the fleet value of about $ 57 billion.. The top five is completed by Hamburg, where 62% of the fleet of 39.6 billion. Dollars regards container ships, and Hong Kong fleet value of around 32 billion. Dollars.

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