Kefalonia

Kefalonia

Breathtaking island

Kefalonia (or Kefalllinia) is the largest and most mountainous of the Ionian Islands. It is situated opposite the entrance of the Gulf of Patras, north of Zakynthos, south of Lefkada and west of Thrace. The island’s capital is Argostoli. Kefalonia has two ports that connect the island with the rest of Greece. The first one is the port of Sami, where ships to Ithaca, Patras, and Italy leave from. The second is the port of Poros, on the southeast of the island, where ships to Kyllini leave from. Kefalonia is full of vegetation and it’s famous for its beaches, as well as its unique geological phenomenons, like the Lake Cavern of Melissani and the sinks.

Kefalonia is the largest island of the Ionian Sea with the breathtaking nature and the beautiful waters look like a miniature of Greece. Its territory is mountainous while the Ainos Mountains National Park dominates a large part of it. The economy over the past years was based on livestock farming and agriculture, but in recent years the main economic factor is tourism. Thousands of tourists from Greece and abroad visit the island, especially during the summer.

Throughout the coastline of the Kefalonia, you will find dreamy beaches, some of which are among the most beautiful in the Mediterranean. Among them is the photographed Myrtos, one of the ten most beautiful beaches in the world with turquoise waters and golden sand.

A real paradise for nature lovers, Kefalonia offers unforgettable trips to trails running through traditional settlements and rare geological phenomena (Katavothres, Karavomilos, Drogarati, Kounopetra). Pilgrimage for hikers and mountaineers, the Ainos National Park with numerous marked paths and enchanting trails hosts among other things a protected, endemic and other rare species of flora and fauna.

Travel to Kefalonia island and explore the countless beauties of the great island endowed with nature and history.

Kefalonia at a glance

How big is Kefalonia

Кefalonia is formed of jagged hilly limestone.
It is 50km 31 miles long and the largest (735km – 284sq miles) of the Ionian Islands.
The landscape is varied; smiling terraces by the sea contrast with the more arid mountain slopes which nonetheless support clumps of cypresses among the olives.
Mount Ainos (Enos), the highest point (alt 1 628m – 5 941ft), is covered by a particular kind of spruce peculiar to the island.
Local specialties include the delicious Robola wine, dishes composed of meat and rice and thyme-flavored honey.
The Kefalonians are reputed to be a spirited people whose patriotism was praised by Byron.
The island has not only produced soldiers, sailors, and enterprising emigrants but has also fostered an aristocratic and cultivated society which produced scholars and politicians such as Metaxas (1871-1941) who rejected the Italian ultimatum on 28 October 1940.

History Of Kefalonia

Some say that a traveler who left Attika, in the ancient years and came in Kefalonia where he became King.
The name of the traveler was Kefalos.
But Kefalonia was named after Kefalas, a tribe from western Greece.
Mythical Age

According to mythology, the first settler of the island was Tafios, son of Neptune, the god of seas. The island was called Tafos and its inhabitants Tafioi or Tilevoes. Ptereleos, son of Tafios, conquered the islands around Cephalonia and became powerful. In Lixouri, there is an area called Tafios, and that gives a historical dimension to the myth. Later arrived at the island Kefalos and Elios. Kefalos had four sons, Palea, Kranio, Samio, and Proniso, whose names took the four towns-states of the island. In Iliad we find for the first time the name “Kefalines”, a name given to the citizens of Ulysses, that is the citizens of Cephalonia, Ithaka, Zante, Lefkas, and Akarnania. We find the name of Cephalonia again in Herodotus in the 5th-century BC, when the historian mentions the citizens of Pali.

Prehistorical Age

The history of Cephalonia starts at the Middle Paleolithic Age. According to findings of bones of mammals, in 40000 BC, the island was still united with the mainland. Then populations of nomads moved to the western part in order to find food. There are found many instruments of the Stone Age  hand axes, knives), mainly in caves at the northern and south-eastern part of the island.

Ancient and Roman Age

In antiquity Kefalonia had four towns-states, Pali, Krani, Sami, Pronnoi, therefore it was called Tetrapolis. These towns were independent, with a separate administrative and military organization. The coins and the ruins of the fortresses sue to the existence of four different authorities on the island. During the historic period, the regime of the towns was democratic, which is proved from several findings, like the absence of the representation of a lord, with the exception of Kefalos, on the coins. Despite the political independence of the towns, the civilization on the island was evolved uniformly. It seems like there was a particular blossom during the Mycenaean period since there are plenty of findings, especially tombs, from that period. The towns formed several alliances with the sovereign forces of Greece. Is renowned the alliance with the Corinthians (479-435 BC), the Athenians (431-404 BC), the Spartans after the Peloponnese war and then again with the Athenians, who dominate for several years. During the Hellenistic period (226 BC), there’s naval cooperation with the Aitolic Confederation. Romans conquered the island at the beginning of the 2nd-century BC, after Corfu and Zante(Zakynthos). From the period is renowned the besiege of Sami, that lasted four months. The town resisted strongly, but when it was conquered, it was destroyed and the citizens were sold as slaves.

Byzantine Age

There isn’t much information about Kefalonia until the 8th-century AD. From that period is renowned that the island was the center of the administrative region that was consisted of the Ionian islands and Bari, Italy. The strategical position of the island was important for the defense of the empire, especially against the attacks of the Arabs. Piracy was very popular and the Arabs, sailing from the coasts of Africa, terrified and destroyed many regions of the Mediterranean.

Frankish Domination

In 1185, Kefalonia passes under the commands of the Franks. Until 1479, lords of Kefalonia are the Norman pirate Mergaritonis, Matteo Orsini, his son Ricardo Orsini, Ricardo’s son Giovanni I, Leonardo Tocco, his son Carlo I, and Carlo’s wife Francesca. In that period is quite strange the governing of a region from a woman, especially if we take into consideration that there are several documents for a general gynecocracy.

Turkish Domination

The presence of the Turks on the island was brief, it lasted only 17 years. During the first period (1479-1481) the island was taken by Achmet Pasha of Avlona. The consequences were catastrophic: the castle was burnt and many citizens were taken to Constantinopolis. The Venetians took the island in 1481, but in 1485 they gave it back to Sultan Vagiazit II. Then was established at the castle a small Turkish force, which was capable of terrifying the local population. After intensive assertions, the locals started leaving the island, and as a consequence, there was a dramatic reduction of the population until 1500, when the Venetians took back the island.

Venetian Domination (1500-1797)

In 1500, after convergence with the Turks, Venetians took over the administration of Cephalonia and lots of things started to change. Supreme Lord of the island was the Venetian Thrift, still, the local population participated in the administration. There was the Community Council, a numerous jury consisted of local nobles, who were listed on the Libro d’Oro (book of nobles). That gave a gloss of democracy in administration, even though all important decisions were taken by Venetians. In any case, the changes to a better life were visible. Inhabitants started to increase and assumed the cultivations. There was also an afflux of the population from other places, which accompanied historical events like the conquest of Cyprus in 1570 and Crete in 1669 by the Turks. Then arrived at the island many intellectuals. Cephalonia became a node of strategical importance for the Venetian fleet, the ports blossomed, the St George’s castle was rebuilt and became capital of the island, and a few years later was built the castle of Assos. Cephalonians had access to the West, and as a result, they started traveling often for commerce and studies. This material and spiritual exchange had, as a result, the foundation of important schools and universities, like the School of Vicenzo Damodo at Chavriata. Along with the education started the organization of the health system and of the Church as well. Of course, all that had to do with the peerage and not the folk.

Russian Domination

The pleasure for the arrival of the French didn’t last long. The Russians, with methodic efforts, increased their influence, and as a result, there was a revulsion of the driftage of the population. There were arousals in Livatho and Lixouri and finally the French withdrew. In October 29th, 1798, the Russian fleet arrived at Argostoli and the Russian flag substituted the french one. This period was also brief since the efforts for the independence of the Ionian islands had already started.

State of the Ionian Islands (1800-1807)

On May 21st, 1800, was signed in Constantinopolis a convergence that recognized the independence of the Ionian islands with the name “State of the Seven United Islands”, with the suzerainty of Turkey. It’s the first independent Greek state of modern history, with its own constitution and legislation. This institutional form though didn’t last as there were autonomic arousals, especially in Lixouri, until the abolition of the State in 1807.

Second French Domination

On September 1st, 1807, the French regained the island, under the commands of general Ceaser Berthier, who was replaced by the colonel Lorenzo Pierri. The anti-french movement on the island was enforced by the scopes of the British, and as a result, this administration didn’t prosper.

British Domination

In October 1809, the French hand over the island to the British general Oswald. During the first years of British Domination, luminary personality is the Swiss military Charles Philip De Bosse, who established very important operas, like the streets of the island and the Devosseto bridge. Another celebrated personality was Charles Jacob Napier, who also constructed very important public buildings, like the famous Marcato of Lixouri. The successive conquers and the seigniorial regime led to serious armed arousals, with the aim to subvert the diversification of classes and the union with Greece. The most important took place in 1848 and 1849. These convulsions had terrible consequences for the population, like sequestrations of belongings, exile, and executions.

Union with Greece

Finally, in October 1863, Cephalonia and the rest of the Ionian islands are united with Greece. Then, all political convulsions stop, and the radical tradition of the island is expressed by Panagiotis Panas, Roccos Hoidas and Marinos Antipas, who were pioneers of socialism in Greece. Until nowadays, Cephalonia keeps pace with the political process of Greece, contributing drastically at the enforcement of democracy, political freedom, and social prosperity.

Kefalonian People

For many years the typical description of the male Kefalonians character has been “an islander with an individual, active and resourceful nature” this term is associated with jokes, pranks, anecdotes and stories of craftiness and guile which was also always associated with ‘King Odysseus’. One of the reasons for this is that the Kefalonians just like their forefathers were the most traveled people of the Ionian.

Since antiquity, the economy of Kefalonia has been based on agriculture, and the shipping trade. In the towns of the island, men either ran the government or were involved in one way or another with politics, manufacturing or trade. Others became sailors or fishermen or spent their time in the fields, overseeing or working the crops and hunting. Over the centuries trading and commerce began to take quite a back seat. So much so that in the early 19th-century farming was the island’s principal industry. Most of the land was owned by the gentry with large estates and the church maintained large areas around the monasteries which were worked by tenant farmers. In the lower lands, the main products were high-quality olive oil, citrus fruits, grapes, wine, honey, dried fruits such as raisins and nuts. Vegetable herbs and herbal infusions.

In complete contrast were the mountain men, as in any mountain region the life of the shepherd has changed little over the centuries. The means of transport, however, may have differed, but for the mountain men of yore, the home was a hut on the rich upland pastures where they reigned. He built his own hut out of stone, preparing the milk from their flocks of sheep and goats to make his own butter and cheese which could take up hours every day, then wandering daily with his flock.

Born free, he decides where he will go. Each shepherd has his dogs with him and each herd of sheep or goats having their own identification noise known as “the symphony of bells”. There is always something special about a large number of animals on the move as they wind up or down the narrow footpaths to and from their pasture areas

The aristocratic ‘Siora’ was well educated, mainly abroad in her early year. Would always speak Italian at home, and dress in the latest European fashion. They had plenty of freedom outside the home and would visit each others’ homes for tea and attend dances and later visit the theatre which was for them the main form of entertainment. The middle developed slower and of course, copied the aristocratic ways.

Both were able to boast about their housekeeping abilities and etiquette they were allowed a good deal more freedom, unaware of the harsh farming life of village women.

Kefalonian village plains and mountain women had very limited freedom outside the home and were, of course, the hardest done-by. They would attend weddings, funerals, and some religious festivals, and visit female neighbors. Their job was to run the house, to bear and look after the children, as well as working in the fields and vineyards there was no part of the farm work which did not involve here.

With the introduction of European ready to wear style clothes even the village women stopped using the loom. Being free from the need to weave all of the family’s clothing allowed her to concentrate more on the decoration of her home. Embroidery, crochet and lace making became the style of decoration for curtains, table cloths, bed linen, and covers, even rug making gave the home a neat and caring look. However this modern way of life did take away something quite precious, the local peasant dress became virtually obsolete. The traditional Kefalonian attire for a woman was simple. A large fringed dress full length with petticoats underneath making it look even larger.

On top of the dress an embroidered apron fastened around the waist, a waistcoat was worn pinned with jewels and trinkets and the head was covered by a scarf. The men’s clothes were also simple and consisted of dark-colored breeches, a white shirt with large, pleated sleeves, and a double-breasted waistcoat. A long embroidered, fringed foulard (cummerbund) for the waist, light-colored spats (long socks) and flat shoes for the feet and a small white kerchief or hat for the head.

Daughters stayed at home until they were married. Like their mother, they could attend certain festivals, funerals, and visit neighbors and friend, but their job was to help their mother and learn all that was required to make here a good wife. The young boys also stayed at home, helping in the fields, and spending lots of time sailing, fishing and playing, whittled wooden horses on wheels that could be pulled on a piece of string, and yo-yo were a great favorite. They did have some pets such as songbirds, dogs, tortoises, and goats. But cats were not, however, kept as pets for many years, but left to roam wild keeping vermin and snakes at bay.

When a child was born to ancient Greek families, the father would carry his child, in a ritual dance, around the household. Friends and relatives sent simple gifts, including rattles, small clay animals and terra-cotta dolls. The family would decorate the doorway of their home with a wreath of olives for a boy, or a wreath of wool for a girl. Nothing has really changed with this ritual other than the wreaths and the father now carry their child rather than dance around the hospital ward rather than the home. Nonetheless, proud fathers will still hold up high their child and gifts are lavished on the child but are no longer simple. Today as in ancient times the Kefalonians consider their children to be ‘youths’ until they reached the age of 30!

Much of Greek family life centered around the courtyard of the house, one favorite activity was to gather in the courtyard, which was always in the shade of a large tree or grapevine, to hear stories and tales told by the mother or father or older relations. The women would chat and sew or crochet and knitting, particularly the long socks, hats and made of sheep’s wool which was very characteristic. Most meals were eaten in the courtyard. cooking equipment was small and light and could easily be set up there, in the winter the cooking was done on top of the fires which were dual-purpose or for the lucky one’s stoves.

In and around the villages the soil was not very fertile, systems of irrigation and crop rotation helped solve that problem. Lack of a regulated water supply often forced the women to carry water in ceramic pots on their heads from a central tap or well. Later cisterns and tanks were built to meet the individual needs of the villagers. They grew olives, grapes, and figs. They kept goats, for milk and cheese. The meat was rarely eaten and was used mostly for religious occasions.

Greeks believed that dance improved both physical and emotional health. Rarely did men and women dance together. Some dances were danced by men and others by women. The dance was originally accompanied by music played on lyres, flutes, and a wide variety of percussion instruments such as tambourines, cymbals, and castanets. The ‘skotsambounos’ (a bagpipe-type instrument), panpipes, the later the violin, guitar and harmonica and of course the mandolin.

The dances, which can still be seen at religious feasts and carnivals in the country areas. There are so many names for these dances, Vlacha, Voskopoules (or Moschopoules), Yires, Yirouzato (or Palio), Dilinatiko, Divaratiko, Diplo, Zonaratiko (or Zonarato), Thiniatiko, Kalamatiano, Koutso, or Koutsos-Stamatistos (or Manetas or meringues, Balos, Pylarinos, Sartistos, Stavrotos, Syrtos.

 

Invasions and Invaders

Kefalonia did not play a major role in antiquity although several Mycenaean tombs have been discovered. During the Middle Ages, the island first belonged to the Norman kings of Sicily, one of whom, Robert Guiscard, died on Kefalonia in 1085. Then it became the County of Kefalonia, one of the great fiefs of the Frankish principality of the Morea, and included Ithaca and Zakynthos. For three hundred years it was ruled by Italian overlords: the Orsini from 1155 to 1356 and the Tocchi until 1478.

The Turks held the island for only twenty years; by 1500 the Venetians, assisted by the Spanish troops of Gonzales of Cordoba, the Great Captain, had recaptured the island and they held it until 1797.

After 1808 Kefalonia was occupied by the British, who promoted many improvements under the Residency of Sir Charles Nappier.

In 1823 Byron spent four months in a rented house in Metaxata near Argostoli before sailing to Messolonghi.

The island was finally returned to Greek control in 1864.

When Marshal Badoglio signed an armistice with the Allies in 1943, 9 000 Italians belonging to the “Acqui” Alpine division held out for 9 days against the German air and land attack.

When they finally surrendered, the survivors — 341 officers and 4 750 soldiers — were shot en masse on Hitler’s orders; only 34 escaped.

In 1953 an earthquake caused severe damage throughout the island.

Sami. Pop 935. The port of Sami nestles in a gently curving bay (beaches) where the fleet of the Holy League assembled on the eve of the battle of Lepanto.

There is a fine view of the narrow entrance to the bay and of the stark coast of Ithaca.

Melissani Cave. 3km – 2 miles northwest; take the road to Agia Efimia, turn left into the track which leads to the cave.

The underground lake which receives its water via subterranean passages from the swallow holes (katavothres) near Argostoli, is explored by boat.

The roof has fallen in places but the intensity and variety of the colors of the water, the contrast of light and shadow and the resonance and echo produce a fantastic effect.

Drongarati Cave. 2km – 1 1/4 miles southwest; take the road to Argostoli and after 2km – 1 1/4 miles turn right into a track.

A flight of steps leads down into this cave, which is easy to explore.

Argostoli

The road from Sami crosses the Agrapidies Pass which gives a magnificent view of the site of Argostoli, stretching away below along a promontory towards the Lixouri peninsula.
The main approach to Argostoli is over a bridge, 650m – 711yds long, which crosses the Koirtavos Lagoon and was built between 1810 and 1814 by Posset, a Swiss working for the British.
After the earthquake in 1953, the capital of the island had to be rebuilt and has unfortunately lost its Greco-Venetian atmosphere.
It can, however, be recaptured by visiting the Korgialenios Museum.
A remarkable collection of old costumes, documents relating to Argostoli in the past, reconstructions of the interiors of aristocrats’ houses and craftsmen’s workshops.

Swallow-holes (katavothres).
Near the end of the promontory, level with a restaurant, the sea water flows into a fissure and disappears underground before reappearing on the other side of the island in the Melissani cave on the principle of communicating vessels.
The hydraulic power thus created was used to turn the mills of which one example with its paddle wheel can be seen.
View of the sea and the Lixouri peninsula.

Among the beautiful concretions are some enormous stalagmites.

Climate in Kefalonia

The climate is generally rainy in winter with mild winters, but also mild summers, with frequent heavy-humidity and cool nights.
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How to get to Kefalonia

The island of Kefalonia is the largest of the Ionian. It is located in the middle of the Ionian Sea, within walking distance of mainland Greece. You can go to the island, either by boat or by plane.

By ship

Transport Starting from Athens, you can take a bus or bus to go to Patras (2.5 hours) or Killini (3.5 hours). Then from both of these ports, you can take a ferry boat to reach the island of Kefalonia. Itineraries are daily and especially frequent during the summer months. From the port of Patras, you will reach the harbor of Sami, after 3.5 hours and from the port of Killini, you will reach the harbor of Poros, after about 1.5 hours. Lastly, from Astakos to Aitoloakarnania there is a ferry service to Sami, Kefalonia, and the journey takes 2.5 hours. For other ferry connections, you can go from Argostoli to Lixouri in 20 minutes, as well as visit Ithaca, Zakynthos, and Lefkada. Finally, during the summer there is a weekly route connecting Kefalonia to Brindisi of Italy, and more rarely to Venice, Ancona, and Bari.

By air

Kefalonia Airport is 9 kilometers distance from the island’s capital, Argostoli. Transfer to and from the airport is by taxi, car or buses that are being run for this purpose. The Athens-Kefalonia air link is available all year round, every day at least once, with the exception of the summer when flights are more frequent due to demand. The flight takes about 45 minutes without stopping. During the high tourist season, extra flights from other cities in Greece as well as from abroad via charter flights are scheduled.

If you are looking for airline tickets and flights to Kefalonia  enter the dates of arrival and departure in the left box, and the online reservation program will show you suggestions and prices for your flight where you can make your reservation directly and securely.

Get around

Kefalonia has an extensive network of good road and regularly scheduled buses serving: 

a. travel from the capital of each district  

b. travel between the towns and villages in each district.

Bus

The central bus station of KTEL is in Argostoli and you can find detailed information on all itineraries there. There are buses that cover many areas on the island and tickets are very cheap. From Argostoli, there are 4 daily sailings for Sami and from Argostoli to Fiskardo.

Taxi

The central taxi stop is located in Argostoli, in Valianos square, but you can also search for taxis either on the main streets in the most popular places or via the radio taxi service. There are default rates for most popular destinations, and taximeters are used for some other routes.

Car

If you keep in mind that Kefalonia is the largest island in the Ionian sea you should definitely understand why the car is the ideal mean of transportation! The island has many beauties that you can definitely not explore by bus or taxi and the car will make it much easier. You can simply, quickly and cheaply rent a car using the online car rental service. 

Distances

         Argostoli – Fiskardo: 50
         Argostoli – Poros: 43
         Argostoli – Skala: 40
         Argostoli – Sami: 24
         Argostoli – Agia Efimia: 36
         Argostoli – Lixouri: 8

Useful Telephones for Kefalonia

Kefalonia Police : ( + 30 671) 22200  
Kefalonia  Argostoli Port Authorities:( + 30 671) 22224 
Kefalonia  Poros Port Authorities:( + 30 674) 72460 
Kefalonia  Sami Port Authorities:( + 30 674) 22031 
Killini Port Authorities:( + 30 623) 92211 
Kefalonia Airport: ( + 30 671) 41511 
Olympic Airways: ( + 30 671) 28808 
Hospital ( + 30 671) 22434

Health

Argostoli Hospital, Souidias

Mantzavinatio Hospital of Lixiuri, St. Typaldou 1, T.K. :28200

+30 26710 91233, +30 26710 91194, +30 26710 92222

 

Medical Centers aim at the:

• Equal first grade medical and dental care 
• Patients’ transportation by ambulance and first aid. 
• Patients’ treatment and observation during the recovery period. 
• Preventive medicine and hygienic information
• Family planning
• Preventive and therapeutic dental treatment
• Work and school hygienic.
• Drugs and medicine supply when the drugstore is not available.
• Social services.

These services are available to all citizens.

 Medical Centers in Kefalonia: Medical Center of Sami and Ithaca, Regional Medical Centers of Vassilikades, Makryiotika, Pyrgi, Chionata, Skala, Karavados, Omala, Keramies, Tzanata, Agia Thekli, Chavdata, Petrikata, and Stavros (Ithaca). 

Agia Thekli         +30 26710 97208

Vassilikades     +30 26740 51203

Karavados         +30 26710 69387

Keramies            +30 26710 69101

MakriotiKa        +30 26740 61229

Omala                  +30 26710 88222

Petrikata              +30 26710 86222

Pirgi                      +30 26740 81257

Stavru                  +30 26740 31207

Skala                    +30 26710 83222

Tzanata               +30 26710 72217

Chavdata          +30 26710 95011

Hionata             +30 26710 81208

Karoglas Emanouel–Vergoti Avenue16Á- 26710-23077

KarlIs Dionisis –Vironos 5- 26710-24652

Kostadatos Vasilis–Siteboron 79- 26710-23955

Polatou Euagelia –Antoni Tritsi 43- 26710-24015

Madoukas Athanasios –Antoni Tritsi 95- 26710-24560

Markatou Helen –Vergoti Avenue 100- 26710-28360

Mesari Euagelia –Souidias  11- 26710-26726

Minetos Nikos –Drakopoulou 1- 26710-22354

Mousouris Panagis –Metaxa 96- 26710-24795

Paulatou Kaliopi/Lazaris Nikos  –Hoida 5- 26710-23245

Tsatsaki Helen –Vironos 5- 26710-24652

Strati Helen –Lithostrato 66- 26710-25608

Medical Association of Kefalonia Argostoli 
26710 25965
 

Perota Clotilde (Gynecologist) Debosetou  Argostoli 
26710 22114 

Petratou  Anna  (Dermatologist) Vergoti Ave. 36 Argostoli 26710 25052 

Spyratos Stilianos
 (Cardiologist) Vergoti Ave. 38 Argostoli 26710 25445 

Voutsina-Karafyllia Helen (Microbiologist)
 Antinoros 1 Argostoli 
26710 22660 

Vorou- Arvanitaki  Theodora (Microbiologist)
 Vergoti Ave.  86 Argostoli 
26710 23400 

Kontarini -Moraitopoulou Helen (Microbiologist)
 Davi 2á Argostoli 
26710 24630 

Analytis  Kostantinos (Neurologist- Psychiatrist) A. Metaxa 6 Argostoli 
26710 28913 

Garbis Dionisios  (Dentist)
 Iak. Pylarinou 15 Argostoli 
26710 24621 

Drakopoulos John (Dentist)
 Vergoti Ave. 36 Argostoli 
26710 24599 

Kompothekras -Kotsoros Spyros (Dentist)
 Vergoti Ave. 72 Argostoli 
26710 24281 

Kosmatou Irene (Dentist)
 Andr. Laskaratou 5 
26710 28507 

Petratou Anastasia (Dentist)
 Kefalou 5 Argostoli 
26710 23080 

Rouchotas Victor (Dentist)
 A.Tritsi  54 Argostoli 
26710 24936 

Skoutela Sofia (Dentist)
 A. Tritsi 115 Argostoli 
26710 23220 

Politis Vasilios (Orthopedic)
 A. Tritsi 95 Argostoli 
26710 25033 

Zervos George  (Ophthalmologist)
 Diad. Kostantinou 59 Argostoli 
26710 28743 

Liaskou -Spathi Kathrine (Ophthalmologist)
 Vergoti Ave. Argostoli  
26710 26966 

Mpozas Orestes (Ophthalmologist)
 Lithostroto 27 Argostoli 26710 25806 

Voutsinas Fotis (Physician)
 Alivizaton 25 Lixouri 
26710 91966 

Mourelatos Charalabos (Pathologist)
 Diad. Kostantinou 22 Argostoli 
26710 24831 

Antonatos John (Pathologist) 
A . Metaxa 11 Argostoli 
26710 22181 

Gerasimatos Aggelos (Pathologist)
 Vergosti Ave. 94 Argostoli 26710 23496 

Vandoros  Gerasimos (Pathologist)
 Diad. Kostantinou 48 Argostoli 
26710 23534 

Moraitis Elias (Pathologist)
 Kampanas Sq. Argostoli 
26710 22301 

Alivizatos Apostolos (Pathologist- Cardiologist)
 Lixouri 
26710 91289 

Zervou Vera (Pediatrist)
 Diad.Kostantinou 59 Argostoli 
26710 22400 

Antypa Dionysia (Pediatrist)
 Lassi Argostoli 
26710 23271 

Danalis Gerasimos (Lungs Specialist)
 Vergoti Ave. 3 Argostoli 26710 26660 

Avgoustatou Anna (School Psychologist)
 Vergoti Ave. 73 Argostoli  
26710 26789 

Papademas George (ENT)
 Lassis str. Argostoli 
26710 24605 

Kefalonia Gastronomy - local products

In the taverns, try the typical sausage pie, goat’s sauce, potatoes, spinach and herbs with rice and rabbit sauce (a rabbit fried and cooked with garlic and lemon). The Kephalonians also love the hot sardines (with potatoes) and boiled zucchini. And, of course, you will not leave the island without taking some of their traditional flavors with you: mandolos (typical keflonated roasted almonds with sugar coating), Robola wine or thyme honey.

Night Life

Restaurants can be found all over the island.
Night clubs and discos in Viniares, Agio Theodoro and Fanari.

Kefalonia Tours

From Sami, you can pass to Piagetos Ithaca in half an hour. You should take the coastal walk to the charming Vathy, Kioni and Frikes. There you will see the idyllic bay of Schinos, the pebbled Gidakis or Ai-Giannis beaches with a background of Kefalonia. And yet, discover the old churches of the ruined Paleochora, the small archaeological collection on Stavros, the church of Panagia and Anogi. For panoramic views, set up at the Monastery of Katharon and at the old monastery of Panagia in Pernarakia. The ferry from Fiskardo arrives at Lefkada’s Basilica in about an hour, so you can continue from there to the coastal fishing village of Sivota and the city of Lefkada.

Beautiful walk in the villages of Sfakioti, Karya and Egluvi, through ravines, slopes with cypresses and the path with the background of the sea from Ai-Nikitas to the beaches Egremni and Porto Katsiki. During the summer season the ship departing from Pessada reaches an hour and a quarter in Agios Nikolaos Volimes, in the north of Zakynthos. Nearby Astos Stone Park and the panoramic view of Navagio Beach are within walking distance. A nice carriage ride on the wild west coast to Keri. From Keri, via Laganas (the famous Caretta-Caretta sea turtle nesting turtle), you can continue for a walk in the city of Zakynthos.

Lixouri

Another popular destination is the beautiful Lixouri, the second largest city in Kefalonia, known for its carnival. It is also known for the Library with its huge collection of books. It has excellent tourist facilities and some of the best taverns on the island, while Xi beach is well known for the clay color of sand due to clay, which is essentially a natural spa, but also the beautiful beaches of Petani, Platia Ammos, Lepida, Atheras and others.

Sami

To the north and to the east coast of the island is Sami. It is built in the depth of a bay and combines the greenery of nature with the blue of the sea as the trees reach almost ashore. The film “Captain Corelli’s Mandolino” was filmed in the city and in the wider region. Here you will find many shops, rooms to let, restaurants and cafes. You can enjoy the sea on the main beach (Karavomylos) or Antisamos. Do not miss to visit the beautiful Melissani Cave. The further north you to the north you will see the village of Divarata, which is the nearest settlement on the well-known beach of Myrtos, the most popular on the island and one of the most beautiful, not only in Greece but also in the world.

Skala

At the southernmost end of the island, you will see the seaside settlement of Skala with its vast and busy beach with the water sports infrastructure. There you will find a beach bar, umbrellas and sun loungers. Other destinations on the island of Kefalonia are Poros, Svoronata, picturesque Fiskardo, home of poet Nikos Kavvadias and others.

Fiskardo

Traditional village on the northern edge of the island and favorite destination for cruisers. Experience with the seasonal aroma, stroll along the seaside and its alleys between colorful two-story mansions. There are also scenic routes to get here either from Argostoli or Agia Efimia (from narrow streets with panoramic sea views). It is connected by ferry to Lefkada (in Vassiliki) and Ithaca (to Frikes).

Assos Castle

A brilliant example of the Venetian fortification, built on the Assos peninsula, is linked to the land by a narrow strip of land. You can hear the hooves of the horses as you climb the uphill road on an autumn day, with the view of the Ionian sea on one side and Assos on the other.

Kipouria Monastery

Built-in 1759 on a cliff overlooking the sea, on the west coast of the peninsula of Paliki (15 km from Lixouri), it offers the most exciting sunset on the island, with the sun sinking in the Ionian Sea.

Visit: the well-known Katavothres 2 km away from Argostoli, the Caves of Melissani and Drogarati near the settlement of Sami, the beautiful beach of Myrtos, the Archaeological and the Historical Folklore Museum of Argostoli, the Venetian Castle of Agios Georgios in the village Peratata and others.

Monastery of Agios Andreas of Malapidia, Peratata

Historic female monastery to the south of the castle of St. George. It has an ecclesiastical museum with remarkable post-Byzantine icons, wood carvings and religious relics from all over the island.

Monastery of Agios Gerasimos

A Great site for the travelers as it houses the saint’s relic.

Monastery of Atros

The most ancient monastery on Kefalonia island (8th century BC), where the holy Klimis lived. Its medieval tower is very well preserved.

Saint Euphemia

A picturesque tourist hut opposite Ithaca, with cafes and taverns.

Activities

  • In the summer, many cultural clubs make festivals and traditional dances
  • There are many hiking trails, especially on Mount Ainos
  • Water sports
  • Shopping in he shopping streets of Argostoli town
  • Horseback Riding

Entertainment

Theatre Kefalos

The theatre Kefalos is a modern building situated at the exact place where the old theatre used to be, constructed in 1857 by a venetian architect. The history of the old theatre is very rich, Verdi’s Traviata was presented at the oppening ceremony, and generally it presented many famous operas up to 1943 when it was bombed and then collapsed a few years later. The new theatre continues the tradition with important plays and shows and also lots of different cultural activities.

Bowling Center of Kefalonia

In a really nice place at Travliata, Kefalonia facing St. George’s Castle opened the first Bowling Center in the island.

The live stage "Enetikon" is situated in Travliata close to the Saint George's Castle and features several music groups. Here you can enjoy greek popular music, rebetiko, and kantades. In the winter, we operate an air-conditioned salon with a capacity of 150 persons for unique moments of entertainment.
In the summer you can, at the same time, relax in our magical garden by having a drink and enjoying the magnificent view to Argostoli and Lixouri. This year, after the 5th of July, we are waiting for you, with a brand new music group. We will be with you from Sunday to Wednesday in our garden for magical nights under the stars and Thursday, Friday and Saturday we dance inside till the first morning hours.

Tel +30 26710 69339

The traditional way of fun is characterized by the numerous feasts organized every year for the celebration of the local Saints and Holy Fathers of our church.

MAY
Saint Christopher ….Farsa…Litany
1….Taxiarhon………Perachori Ithaca
21….Saint Constantine & Helen……Karavados
21….Anniversary of the union of the Ionian Islands with Greece….parades in Argostoli, Lixouri and Vathi Ithaca

JUNE
24…St John….Tzannata
29…Peter & Paul & the 12 Apostles ….Pesada, Chavdata
Fokata, Tzannata & St. Thomas in Karavados.

JULY
2…Deposit of Theotokos’ sacred belt …Dias island (Icon of Theotokos Vlahernon)
7…St. Kyriaki… Xenopoulo, Prokopata, Michata 
8.....St. Prokopios...... Kampitsata.
11….St. Efimia…..St. Efimia
17….St. Marina….Vlahata, Exogi Ithaca
20….Prophet Elias….Razata, Kaminarata, Fragata, Kioni Ithaca
25….St. Anna….Lakythra
26…St. Paraskevi…Xerizomeno in Trogiannata, Atheras ,Metaxata Mesovounia, Lepeda
27….St. Pantelehmon….Êontogourata, Poulata
Ends of July…wine festival….Perachori Ithaca

AUGUST
6….Sotiros…..Kalligata, Poros, Travliata, Agios Nikolaos, Stavros Ithaca
Last Sunday before 15/ 8….St. Irene
15…..Virgin Mary….Markopoulo, Arginia, Pastra, Chaliotata, Lixouri, Havriata, Damoulianata, Komitata, Platithrias êáé Anogi Ithaca
16….St. Gerasimos….Omala, Skala, Komitata
16….Robola wine festival….Valsamata
First weekend after 16/8….Robola wine festival….Fragata
Mid August…Wine festival….Matzavinata
23….Virgin Mary…Agrilia, Kechrionas
27…St Fanouris….Sissiotisa Argostoli
29….St John the Baptist…..Ratzakli, Karavomylos, Dilinata

SEPTEMBER
8….Virgin Mary Birthday….Dilinata, Atros Convent, Makriotika, Palioersou Monastery, Katharon Monastery Ithaca
14…..The Raising of the Holy Cross Day….Estavromenos Monastery Pesada, Kipouria Monastery
24…Theotokos Drepaniotissa…Argostoli
25….St. John …Sarlata

OCTOBER
20…St. Gerasimos….St. Gerasimos Convent Omala
26…St Dimitrios…Lixouri
28…National Anniversary for the 1940’s war….Parades in Argostoli, Lixouri and Vathi Ithaca

JANUARY
1…. St. Vasilios ….St Vasikios Church in Keramies, Coronato Convent
6…Epiphany….Church of Theotokos Sissiotissa…blessing of waters and dipping of the holy cross into the sea from the Bridge
18….St. Athanasios and Cyrilus….Agia Irene
20….St. Efthimios….Havriata.
25….Gregorios Theologos….Platies

FEBRUARY
2…Ypapanti Day…Zola, Ano Meria Pylaros
5…St Agatha….Coronato Convent
10….St Haralambos…Lixouri (patron Saint of Pallikis)

MARCH
9….40 Sainted Martyrs….Agios Nikolas, Pyrgi
25…..Evagelismos Day….Metropolis Cathedral in Argostoli and the church of Evagelistria in Faraklata

APRIL
St. George Tropeoforos…Davgata, Haliotata, Anastasios Spathis’ family chapel 

Captain Corelli's Mandolin

The film
Title: Captain Corelli's Mandolin 
Let out: 17 August 2001
Direction: John Madden
Production: Kevin Loader and Mark Huffam, Universal Studios 
Script by: Shawn Slovo 
Director of Photography: John Toll 
Music: Paul Englishby, Stephen Warbeck 
Stylist: Alexandra Byrne
Country of Production: Great Britain 
Language: English 
Duration: 131 
Cast: Nicolas Cage (Captain Koreli), Penelope Cruz (Pelagia), John Hurt (Doctor Ioannis, Pelagia’s father), Christian Bale (Madras, Pelagia’s fiancé), David Morrissey (Captain Gunther, Nazi'), Piero Maggio (Carlo), Pietro Sarubbi (Velissarios) Irene Papa (Drosoula), Gerasimos Skiadaresis (Stamatis), Ioanna Ntarla - Adrakta' (Lemony, Mandras’ younger sisier), Ira Tavlaridi (Lemony, Mandras’ sister, older), Giorgos Kotanidis (Mayor), Vicky Maragkaki (Helen), Emilios Heilakis (Dimitris), Aspasia Kralli (Stamati’s wife), Mihailis Giannatos ( Kokoliois), Antonis Antwniou,  T. Palantzidis, and others.

Watersports

Aquatic World-Diving Center

Explore with us Odysseus crystal waters, and discover the marine life with your hands as well as with your eyes. Let the diving professionals at AQUATIC WORLD make your vacation a memorable experience.

Libraries

The Iakovatios library is lodged in the marvelous palace of the Iakovatos family, with beautiful wooden painted ceilings, surrounded by gardens. The library is very rich, There are 22000 books and the important Archive and Museum of the family. At the museum are exhibited manuscript Evangels, canonicals, icons and furniture.

+30 2671 0 91325

Korgialenios library in Argostoli was founded in 1924 and it is the legacy of Marinos Korgialenios.
The building is restored keeping its original traditional
architecture and it is open to the public.
It is the third richest library in Greece with more than 
53.000 volumes and a lot of rare texts, editions and manuscript dated from 1535.

In brief the Korgialenios Library collection includes:

·        Greek and foreign editions of the 19th century.

·        Important manuscripts, mainly of Byzantine Music.

·        A large number of Kefalonian newspapers and magazines.

·        Books of general interest, like literature, history, law, finance, folklore, religion, medicine, science, art etc.

·        Dictionaries and encyclopaedias.

·        Children’s books

In the library there is also an exhibition of P. Charokopos’ art collection.

Address

Ilia Zervou 12, T.K. :28100

+30 26710 28221, +30 26710 22584, +30 26710 22583

Academies

The Naval Academy of Kefalonia is one of the most prominent academies in the country.

The department of Biological Agriculture belongs to Technical Educational Institution of the Ionian Islands and it is in Argostoli.

The department’s mission is to offer scientific and technological knowledge and practical experience in the field of plants’ cultivation, stock breeding and production, using exclusively biological methods, friendly to the environment and to our health. The institution’s staff consists of eminent scientists, like biologists, agriculture scientists, geologists, vets, mathematicians, chemists, physicists, CIS engineers, etc.

The graduates of this department can work in any public institution and authority related to this science.

The department of Sound Technology and Musical Instruments is in Lixouri, at the building where previously was the

 Vallianios School of Lixouri.

Its main target is the students' technological and musical education, based on the study of construction and maintenance of the musical instruments, following only traditional methods and tools, but also every new technology that helps in this field.

The department offers technological and musical education on the musical instruments' construction and maintenance, pianos' winding up, sound engineering, etc.

 

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